A general class of improved population variance estimators under non-sampling errors using calibrated weights in stratified sampling
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CitationPandey MK, Singh GN, Zaman T, Mutairi AA, Mustafa MS. A general class of improved population variance estimators under non-sampling errors using calibrated weights in stratified sampling. Sci Rep. 2024 Feb 5;14(1):2948. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-47234-1. PMID: 38316812.
This paper proposes a new calibration estimator for population variance within a stratified two-phase sampling design. It takes into account random non-response and measurement errors, specifically applying this method to estimate the variance in Gas turbine exhaust pressure data. The study integrates additional information from two highly positively correlated auxiliary variables to develop a general class of estimators tailored for the stratified two-phase sampling scheme. The properties of these estimators, in terms of their biases and mean square errors, have been thoroughly examined and extensively analyzed through numerical and simulation studies. Furthermore, the calibrated weights of the strata are derived. The proposed estimators outperform the natural estimator of population variance. Finally, suitable recommendations have been made for survey statisticians intending to apply these findings to real-life problems.