Zircon U[sbnd]Pb geochronology and petrology of the tholeiitic gabbro from the Kovanlık (Giresun) area: Constraints for the Late Cretaceous bimodal arc magmatism in the Eastern Pontides Orogenic Belt, NE Turkey
Abdioğlu Yazar, Emel
Baki Eraydın, Tuğba
MetadataShow full item record
CitationZircon U[sbnd]Pb geochronology and petrology of the tholeiitic gabbro from the Kovanlık (Giresun) area: Constraints for the Late Cretaceous bimodal arc magmatism in the Eastern Pontides Orogenic Belt, NE Turkey Temizel, İrfana Send mail to Temizel İ.;Arslan, Mehmeta;Abdioğlu Yazar, Emela;Aslan, Zaferb;Kaygusuz, Abdullahc;Baki Eraydın, Tuğbaa
Mafic intrusions of the Eastern Pontides Orogenic Belt (EPOB) in NE Turkey are found rarely in varying ages, sizes and compositions. Of these, tholeiitic gabbro stocks, namely Kovanlık gabbro, consist of pyroxene gabbro and minor hornblende gabbro with a mainly granular texture. The pyroxene gabbro contains plagioclase, clino- and ortho-pyroxene, olivine, and Fe[sbnd]Ti oxides, whereas the hornblende gabbro includes mainly plagioclase, hornblende, rarely biotite and Fe[sbnd]Ti oxides. The clinopyroxene compositions of the pyroxene gabbro exhibit arc-related tholeiitic magmas. The Kovanlık gabbroic rocks have high U/Yb zircon ratios, implying continental arc-related tectonic settings. Zircon U[sbnd]Pb dating on the Kovanlık gabbro yielded a concordia age of ~92 Ma (Turonian). Petrochemically, the gabbroic rocks have a tholeiitic character and show arc- and MORB-like signatures. The gabbroic rocks show positive Rb, Ba, K, Pb, Sr, Ti and negative Nb, Ce, Nd, Hf, Zr anomalies in N-MORB normalized diagrams. The chondrite-normalized REE plots of the rocks show flat to feeble right-dipping REE patterns (LaN/LuN = 0.94–2.56) with positive Eu anomalies (EuN/Eu* = 1.15–2.14; except for two pyroxene gabbro samples). The gabbroic rocks have 87Sr/86Sr(i) ratios (0.704533 to 0.706265), εNd(i) values (4.04–4.85), 206Pb/204Pb (18.56–18.68) and 207Pb/204Pb (15.61–15.64) ratios. Low Nb/La and Nb/Y ratios, as well as high Sr/Yb and Ba/Rb ratios, indicate that source regions were modified by slab-derived fluids and/or melts. The obtained zircon dating, isotopic and geochemical data, as well as regional geology, revealed that the tholeiitic mafic magma derived from a spinel-lherzolite mantle at a relatively shallow depth, and the Kovanlık gabbro in the EPOB represents one of the first mafic intrusions of Late Cretaceous bimodal arc magmatism related to the roll-back of the northwards subducting Tethys oceanic plate. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.